If you know and understand the stages of tooth decay, you can take preventive measurement to stop the issue from growing or expanding. Once you have noticed the signs, you can take the needed steps to prevent further issues. After all, prevention is always better than cure, right?
So, what are the most obvious signs that you should be aware of? Knowing the symptoms can make a big difference in managing your own condition.
- White Spots
If you start seeing white spots under the enamel surface, you have seen the early stages of tooth decay. You see, at this stage, there will be acid and sugar attack, leading to the tooth demineralization. Although this kind of sign is easy to miss on your own, a trip to the dentist will be able to spot the sign right away. A regular checkup can be done by the dentist so this stage won’t develop into higher ones. Any problem will be solved right away without having to excavate the tooth.
- Enamel Decay
At this stage, the attacked enamel surface will be almost gone. The attack usually happens from the inside out. The tooth erosion takes place from the inside toward the outside so the outer enamel should remain intact within the early stack. However, when the cavity breaks happen, the damage has been done. The possible solution for the doctor is to have the cavity filling to correct the problem.
- Dentin Decay
At this stage, the problem starts causing pain. In this stage, the cavity will eat the second layer of tooth material underneath the enamel, which is the dentin. It can be stopped with a filling so the damage won’t travel further to the pulp.
- Attack on the Pulp
On the fourth stages of tooth decay, the damage has reached the pulp. If it happens, it is going to cause pain. Once the problem reaches this stage, you are dealing with a serious issue. The only possible treatment is the root canal. Otherwise, you may have to deal with complete extraction too.
- Formation of Abscess
In this final stage, the infection has gone through the root tip, creating infection on the tissues and possibly the structure of the bone as well. Swelling and severe pain are most common; not to mention that abscess will take place. Intensive tooth extraction or root canal will be the best solution for the problem.
It would be best to have routine and regular dental checkup so early problems can be spotted on right away. You don’t want to deal with these tooth decay stages, for sure, and it is always best to prevent them from happening.